Laser Literature Review
Compiled by Dr Igor Cernavin, Prosthodontist, Honorary Senior Fellow University of Melbourne School of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, Director and Cofounder of the Asia Pacific Institute of Dental Education and Research (AIDER), Australian representative of World Federation of Laser Dentistry (WFLD)
Prisco1 published an article to show how the diode laser can be integrated into the procedures of a fully digital workflow to make it more effective, simpler and faster which readers may find useful.
Olivi & Olivi2 published an article describing the use of lasers in endodontics.
Lombardo et al3 published a review of the literature of in vitro studies using lasers with sub- ablative energy which might act as a prophylactic intervention to reinforce enamel against lesions caused by acid and concluded that there are enough studies to go ahead with in vitro experiments.
Caccianiga and coworkers4 looked at the studies examining low level laser effect on tooth movement and pain in orthodontic treatment. They found that it was effective for both increasing movement and controlling pain.
Ren et al5 examined the effect of using LLLT on orthodontic patients who were periodontally compromised and concluded that it was beneficial in both pain relief and
Zhang and coworkers6 investigated the effect of Er:YAG laser irradiation, compared with conventional methods, on the shear bond strength of enamel and dentine and concluded that it was a safe and convenient method with some advantages over traditional methods.
Malmqvist and coworkers7 evaluated the safety of the 445 nm laser when using it on dental implants by comparing it with the 970 nm laser and concluded that both were equally as safe for use on titanium surfaces.
Migliaro et al8 published a series of cases on the use of laser surgery for impacted maxillary incisors and concluded that exposure of the crown using a diode laser produced the best results.
Wu and coworkers9 systematically evaluated the effectiveness of laser-assisted treatments of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ).They found that the results of the studies that were deemed to be high-to-low quality and to have high-to-low statistical power suggested that there may be considerable clinical improvement in MRONJ by using laser-assisted treatment. They cautiously consider that low-level laser treatment may manage pain and symptoms in these patients.
Bezrukov, et al10 studied changes in local microhemodynamic indices in drug addicted patients in the course of the treatment of chronic odontogenic osteomyelitis and concluded that sequestrectomy with use of PRP gel and FRP membranes leads to rapid decrease in local postoperative inflammatory reactions, improvement of venous outflow and better functioning of microvessels endothelium as well as general optimization of the tissue healing process in drug addicted patients with chronic odontogenic osteomyelitis.
Hakimaneh, and coworkers11 evaluated the effect of heat treatment of the silane coupling agent by Er:YAG and CO2 lasers on the microshear bond strength of a repair composite to feldspathic porcelain. They found that it did not improve the bond strength.
Hakimiha, et al12 investigated the effect of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) with 810nm and 980nm diode lasers on behavioral and immunological factors in a rat IAN crush model.
They concluded that PBMT with 810 and 980nm diode laser protocol used in this study, promoted the neurosensory recovery of IAN after crush injury in rats. In addition, application of 810nm diode laser was associated with more improvement in immunological responses compared to that of 980nm laser.
Sun and coworkers13 published a study finding that large maxillofacial venous malformation lesions which can affect the craniofacial skeleton, causing occlusal and craniofacial deformity can be successfully treated with laser therapy, thereby circumventing the need for complicated osteotomy, orthodontic intervention and/or orthognathic surgery.
Silva et al14 evaluated the protective effect of short-pulsed CO2 9.3mum laser irradiation against erosion in human enamel without, and combined with TiF4 and AmF/NaF/SnCl2 applications respectively, as well as compared to the protective effect of these fluoride treatments alone. Their conclusion was that short-pulsed CO2 9.3mum laser irradiation followed by additional application of AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution significantly reduces the progression of dental enamel erosion in vitro.
Yao and coworkers15 evaluated the effects of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on titanium disc surfaces and its interaction with bacterial adhesion and fibroblast viability and found that it was a good option for treatment as it made the titanium surfaces smoother thereby allowing less P gingivalis colonization.
Abdulla et al16 compared the effect of different repeating CO2 laser treatment methods and conventional approaches on the shear bond strength of zirconia frameworks and veneering ceramics and found that laser treatment was superior to milling alone.
Ghodke, and coworkers 17 examined the effect of the 810 nm laser for the efficacy in maintaining dental implants and found a drastic reduction in bacterial count and a significant reduction in P Gingivalis count.
Momesso, et al18 carried out a study to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of laser therapy on medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw and concluded that this treatment with laser surgery was a good form of management of BRONJ from stage II, with LLLT improving MRONJ in earlier stages.
Prisco, The diode laser in a fully digital workflow for prosthetic treatment. Laser international magazine of laser dentistry Vol. 11 Issue 4/2019.Pages 6-0.Olivi G, Olivi M. Innovative endodntics using sweeps technology. Laser international magazine of laser dentistry Vol. 11 Issue 4/2019. Pages 10-14.
Bezrukov, S G; Anosov, M S; Bezrukov, G S; Sayenko, V L. Flowmetrical features of the postoperative wound process in drug addicted patients with chronic odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaws when using different surgical approaches. Stomatologiia. Volume:98 Issue:6 Pages:39-43. DOI:10.17116/stomat20199806139. Published: 2019..
Hakimaneh, Seyed Mohammad Reza; Shayegh, Sayed Shojaedin; Ghavami-Lahiji, Mehrsima; Chokr, Ahmad; Moraditalab, Azizollah. Effect of Silane Heat Treatment by Laser on the Bond Strength of a Repair Composite to Feldspathic Porcelain. Journal of prosthodontics : official journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Volume:29 Issue:1 Pages:49-55.
Hakimiha, Neda; Dehghan, Mohammad Mehdi; Manaheji, Homa; Zaringhalam, Jalal; Farzad-Mohajeri, Saeed; Fekrazad, Reza; Moslemi, Neda. Recovery of inferior alveolar nerve by photobiomodulation therapy using two laser wavelengths: A behavioral and immunological study in rat. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology Volume:204 Pages:111785 DOI:10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2020.111785.
Sun, Yi; Gu, Hao; Yang, Xi; Hu, Li; Cai, Ren; Chen, Hui; Lin, Xiaoxi. Spontaneous and Dramatic Improvements in Open Bite Deformity Secondary to Large Maxillofacial Venous Malformation With Macroglossia After Sclerotherapy and Laser Therapy. The Journal of craniofacial surgery. OI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000006188. Published: 2020-Jan-20 (Epub 2020 Jan 20).
Silva, C V; Mantilla, T F; Engel, Y; Tavares, J P; Freitas, P M; Rechmann, P. The effect of CO2 9.3mum short-pulsed laser irradiation in enamel erosion reduction with and without fluoride applications-a randomized, controlled in vitro study. Lasers in medical science. DOI:10.1007/s10103-020-02979-3.Published: 2020-Feb-07 (Epub 2020 Feb 07).
Yao, Wan-Ling; Lin, Jerry Chin Yi; Salamanca, Eisner; et al. Er,Cr:YSGG Laser Performance Improves Biological Response on Titanium Surfaces. Materials (Basel, Switzerland) Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Published: 2020 Feb 07.Abdullah, Adil O; Yu, Hui; Pollington, Sarah; et al. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry Volume: 123 Issue: 2 Pages: 338.e1-338.e6 Published: 2020-Feb (Epub 2019 Dec 13). Ghodke, Prerna Sanjay; Hegde, Rashmi; Ansari, Waqas; et al.
The Journal of oral implantology. Published: 2020-Feb-18 (Epub 2020
Momesso, Gustavo Antonio Correa; Lemos, Cleidiel Aparecido Araujo; Santiago-Junior, Joel Ferreira; et al. Laser surgery in management of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws: a meta-analysis. Oral and maxillofacial surgery Published: 2020-Feb-13 (Epub 2020 Feb 13).